Free And Fair Elections In India Essay

Essay about elections and democracy

1559 WordsJan 13th, 20157 Pages

QUESTION 1;

1. Do you think elections can be a good measure of democracy? Discuss this statement in relation to elections recently held in African countries you are familiar with.

INTRODUCTION
The year 2011 experienced serious levels of political activities in Africa such as political upheavals, middle-east uprisings and elections in many countries. Most Islamic nations rose against their long-ruling leaders, hence saw the ousted of Egyptian Hosni Mubarak and the killing of Muamar Gaddafi after a six-month war between the Gaddafi loyalists and the anti-Gadhafi fighters assisted by NATO. However, while this was taking place, other countries like Zambia, Congo DR, Nigeria, Liberia were also exercising their obligation of…show more content…

DISCUSSION
From the understanding of liberty and freedoms, the government must be erected by the participation of very free people not under coercion. It implies that the citizens must have a free will to choose leaders of their choice and be able to have freedom of expression within the given framework. Thus, elections become a very important voice for citizens to select their leaders as that is how they participate in the process of making decisions .However, there is more to democracy than just holding elections and electioneering. There are many other factors to consider to complete democracy than just holding an election
Elections today, which signify democracy, must be judged by the conformity to standard norms that constitute free and fair elections. A free election is based on the presumption that fundamental human rights and freedoms are respected. These would include freedom of assembly, association, expression, and information. In addition, freedom would include freedom from violence, intimidation and coercion, freedom to access the polling stations by both voters and monitors, and freedom to make choices without fear of repercussions.But in Zambia,prior to elections,there was a lot of intimidation by the ruling MMD by brutalising the opposition,corrupting the youths with beer to cause confusion in a way of campaigning.So there was coecion before election as opponents were not ready to frely make their own decisions over who to vote for.
In another

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Short Essay on Elections in India – Elections in India are a process by which the people of the country express their collective will. People are the true sovereigns governing the country through their democratically elected representatives to Parliament and State legislatures besides other democratic institutions at lower levels.

The Constitution of India provides for the electoral process, according to which the election of President, Vice-President, Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies are conducted by the Election Commission of India and other elections are conducted by the State Election Commission.

Parliament of India regulates and streamlines the election procedure through the laws like the Representation of People Act of 1950 and 1951 and the Delimitation Act of 2002 along with the Rules and Orders made there under.

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The elections in India are based on the adult franchise system or adult suffrage, which means that a person above 18 years of age is entitled to cast vote. The disputes relating to the elections can only be heard by High Courts and the Supreme Court in election petitions.

However, once the election process begins, the courts are not to take cognizance of any election dispute. The reason for this provision is to enable a free and fair election, unhindered by malaise litigation.

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