Free sample essay on Computer Technology:
Since the beginning of time technology has helped us out as a human race. From the invention of the wheel to the Internet, technology has been a great factor on the way our civilization has grown. With more and more technological advances just around the corner, our civilization will continue to grow faster and faster than ever before.
Computers make life easier for people everyday. They help us to do tasks quicker and communicate with friends and family with the click on a button. Computers play a significant role in the school system as well. They help students to learn more efficiently and help them do their work. Computers offer the Internet which helps students research information for projects they may have. School computers also offer programs which can help anyone learn. An example of this is the program All The Right Type. This program helps students as well as teachers, to learn how to type faster and more efficiently. Also there are other programs which younger students can go on to help them with developing and reinforcing their math skills and reading skills. Programs like Math Circus and matching the word with the picture. Programs like these make it easy to understand and use computers, yet it also makes learning fun. Computers also make writing and doing homework easier to complete. With spell check and other spelling tools, it makes it easier and faster to complete work. This is because you are not spending all your time going through your homework looking for spelling mistakes, because the computer automatically does it for you, making your life easier.
Further, Computers also benefit the development of fundamental skills. Good educational software enables children to practice and develop a broad range skills. It can help them learn, for example, about shapes, letters, numbers, rhythm, and colors. Good educational software can also help children develop their understanding of cause and effect, procedural thinking, higher order problem solving and creative expression. (www.indianchild.com) Many students have become to reliable on computers however. Many children come to libraries to access the computers and CD-ROM’s rather than to read. Though such computer activities are purported to be educational, there is a fundamental difference between the skills used in reading versus those used to engage in an interactive CD-ROM. Librarians as well as teachers, should guide as many children as possible towards the text books rather than the computer. Emotional skills are also enhanced by using a computer. Children develop self-confidence and self-esteem as they master computer skills and use the computer to make things happen. Computers also develop social skills. In a classroom setting with many other students, or in a home when the students friends or parents are available, children often prefer working with one or two partners over working alone, which leads to the development of social skills.
Lastly, computers benefit children with special needs in the school system. Computers have proven extremely beneficial to students with certain speech, audio, and motor limitations. Students with special needs can use alternative input and output devices to interact with computers and do things that they normally could not accomplish independently. What they can do through using a computer boosts their self-esteem and provides them with a greater sense of control with the world around them and their own individual lives. The Internet– or the information highway — provides them with the best of knowledge for their treatments and they can keep in touch with doctors or friends through out the world with the Internet. (www.indianchild.com) Computer technology will continue to assist special needs students far into the future.
In conclusion, technology only benefits those who can afford it, and not those who can’t. What are poor people or third world countries supposed to do when it comes to technological advances and they have no money? Does it really seem fair that poor people or third world countries get left behind, while other countries move forward in the technology world?
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Technological advances in society
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Technological advances in society
Technology enables students and teachers to have a fast and easy way to acquire unlimited access to tons of information. With all of the useful technologies, the curriculum is bound to change in endless ways, creating more opportunity for learning.
It is very hard not to realize that technology has overpowered education in many ways. “Technology integration is similar to a tidal wave, growing silently in strength, then falling with an unstoppable roar upon those who paid no attention or showed little interest” (Guhlin, 40). Nowadays, computers are almost considered a necessity in the classroom, and are the main component of technology integration. Computers are being used in more numerous ways, besides only being used for basic word processing. With a simple computer, copious availabilities of technologies can be used in the classroom. “The one thing that is so great about the computer is that it does give a lot of instruction--and you don't need to have hearing to take advantage of it” (Anderson, 12). It’s amazing how one simple screen can provide everlasting opportunity for learning.
One of the most widely used technologies is the Internet, or also known as the World Wide Web. “In August 1981 about 200 computers hosted Web servers. By July 1998 there were over 36 million Web servers, that are hosts to approximately 150 million people” (Strauss). The Internet proves to be very beneficial to education, since students have unlimited access to millions of websites with tons of information. There are only so many newspapers, journals and magazines that you can find in libraries or subscribe to. Therefore, the Internet offers an unlimited pile of information that students can always have. Moreover, students are enriched with the most current information in any subject, along with regular updates. Students are able to use the Internet anytime of day, as long as they have a computer at hand. The research process will not have to end when the school day is over (Wissick, 82).
Along with using the World Wide Web for researching purposes, e-mail has become a very commonly used feature. Students and teachers can communicate outside of the classroom any time of day. In addition, this also opens up the idea of an online community center.
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Technological Advances Easy Way Technology Integration World Wide Web Unlimited Servers Falling Strauss
Students would be able to communicate with other students in the classroom, as well as students from around the world.
Just as the Internet and e-mailing are on the rise in the classroom, so are various other new technologies. Software and multimedia activities are one example. New CD-ROMS are being invented everyday, along with other programs to help serve educational purposes. Multimedia presentations provide students with great visual and audio images as well. Calvert describes as follows: “It's the difference between looking at a picture of a heart in a textbook, and looking at a beating heart and being able to slow it down and analyze it to see exactly how it works, step by step” (47). Furthermore, video conferencing and online courses are becoming increasingly popular technologies.
Both of the above allows students to learn online and to interact with one another through the use of technology.
Integrating technology provides the student with endless possibilities
It is obvious that technology has helped students master the traditional basic skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic. However, it has also created new skills as well--those related to the use of technology itself. Students can gather data, take virtual field trips, learn about current events, or look up information on certain projects, research topics, and current events, just to name a few. “In the 21st century, 60 percent of all jobs in the nation will require skills in computer and network use” (Guhlin, 41). This means that any student who is not computer literate will be at a slight disadvantage. Technology will help give students research skills and help them to acquire problem-solving skills as well. Students will benefit from technology integration by learning the necessary skills, but also they will be prepared for their future, in terms of employment.
Along with skills, the use of technology in the classroom improves students' motivation and attitudes about themselves and about learning. It has been studied that students tend to be more challenged, engaged, and more independent when using technology. “By encouraging experimentation and exploration of new frontiers of knowledge on their own through the use of technology, students gain a greater sense of responsibility for their work--producing higher-quality assignments that reflect the increased depth and breadth of their knowledge and talent” (Lowther & Morrison, 56). Another intriguing view is that technology can often energize students, since most of the time they are excited to know how to use the computers or other technologies.
Technology integration will benefit teachers greatly
The teachers are the only people responsible in making sure to incorporate technology into the classroom. “Teachers face understandable challenges while trying to connect students to the increasing complex subjects that must be mastered to be successful in today’s world” (Guhlin 40). By using technology in the classroom, many more teaching methods/instruction will be implemented. Instead of teaching out of textbooks every day, teachers now have numerous technologies to use as an extremely effective source for new lesson plans. More complex information and materials can be integrated into a challenging curriculum, since the instruction is not only limited to the teacher’s general knowledge. These complex materials and information offer different varieties of learning on a day-to-day basis, which helps to eliminate students’ boredom. In addition, more interaction and hands-on experiences will definitely keep the students excited and more interested in learning. Another plus is that technology is able to increase individualized student work, since the technologies can “teach” the students as well. This gives the teachers more time to concentrate on their students. Hansen and Weisbrod summed up the importance of teachers very well by saying, “The teacher has a key role in the introduction of technology into the classroom and in its successful adoption and application” (6293).
Many changes are brought about
Aside from only helping students and teachers, the issue of technology will bring much change to the primary educational system, in general. “Restructuring with technology involves a shift to learner-centered instruction, cooperative learning opportunities for students and collaborative efforts for teachers, and a de-emphasis on the traditional school/class time constraints” (Askling, 48). More computers will be put into each classroom, as well as other high-tech. Equipment. “To increase the integration of technology into the classroom, the existing school infrastructure must be changed dramatically” (Hansen & Weisbrod, 6296). Technology integration is not a simple terminating process; instead it will rapidly continue to transform education in endless ways, as time progresses.
Schools will have to train teachers in the technological field, and possibly hire many new instructors. “Technology should be another great tool in the toolbox of a broadly competent teacher” (McLester 4). Teachers are now encouraged to be knowledgeable in the technological field, and the future-employed teachers will almost be required to have those skills in order to get jobs. This creates more similarities between one another, offering a sense of unity amongst school authorities. Moreover, since there are many opportunities for more interaction and communication with one another through technology, it also creates a community-like atmosphere for students as well.
The future looks very promising It truly is impossible for anyone to deny the tremendous effect technological growth has had on our society. “The explosion of new technologies has changed the way we live from the way we do business to the way we communicate with each other. Therefore, obviously, technological advancements are also affecting the way we teach and learn” (McLester, 4). Society must take advantage of all the emerging technologies so its children can have a brighter future. Accordingly, society also should continue research and development efforts to better improve integration in the classroom. “To remain competitive in the 21st century, we cannot afford to miss any benefits technology might afford us” (Strauss). Technology is only going to get better and better as each day progresses and with the appropriate efforts, integrating it into the classroom will enhance education forever.
Anderson, R. & Speck B. (2001). Using Technology in K-8 Literacy Classrooms. Uppen Saddle River: Prentice Hall, Inc.
This book discusses the many different technologies now used in today’s classroom, such as the Internet, e-mail and various new software. It emphasizes the benefits of technology integration for both students and teachers.
Lowther, D. L., & Morrison, G. R. (2001). Integrating Computer Technology into the Classroom. Prentice Hall, (2).
This book describes the most common uses of technology now-a-days; moreover, it emphasizes how technology in the classroom is almost a necessary component for the curriculum. It is also filled with different case studies and statistics on integrating technology.
Hansen, W. L. & Weisbrod, B.A. (1994). Technology in Educational Planning. The International Encyclopedia of Education (2nd ed.). (Vol. 11, pp. 6293-6298). Tarrytown, N.Y.: Elserier Science Ltd.
This encyclopedia was helpful in providing the readers with information regarding the new technologies used in education, and the changing process technology integration brings about. It also provided many useful statistics and studies.
Burkhart, L. & Kelly, K. (2000, March). Instructional Uses of the Internet for Elementary Age Students. Retrieved April 23, 2002, from http://www.lburkhart.com/elem/internet.htm
This website offers numerous ways to use the Internet in an elementary classroom environment. It also is a valuable source in that it provides the readers with many other links to related topics/resources.
Forrest, M. & D. (1998, May). Integrating Technology into the Classroom…A Teacher’s Perspective. Retrieved March 12, 2002, from http://www.nhusd.k12.ca.us/cue/cue.html
These two teachers offer their own personal suggestions and tips on integrating technology for students. It focused on how the use of e-mail, computers, the media center and the web at school can provide endless, exciting possibilities for students.
Professional Development: The Challenge Ahead. (1995, March). Retrieved May 7, 2002, from http://www.ed.gov/Technology/Plan/MakeHappen/Issue2.html
This website is taken from collaborative authors that were at The Secretary’s Conference in Washington, D.C. It emphasizes the need for teachers/professional development in order to make technology integration most successful.
Schank, Roger C. (2000, January). FUTUREPERSPECTIVE - A Vision of Education for the 21st Century. Retrieved April 23, 2002, from http://www.thejournal.com/magazine/vault/A2598.cfm
This article focuses on how technology will affect the future of education. It discusses the ways technology will transform education for students and teachers, but also the entire education system in general.
Strauss, H. (1999, July/August). The Future of the Web, Intelligent Devices, and Education. Retrieved April 24, 2002, from http://www.educause.edu/ir/library/html/erm9944.html
This website discusses the impact of technology in education, and the world, in general. It gives many statistics, and basically a good overall summary of how technology will affect the future.
Askling, Bernard. (2002). The Faculty in the New Millennium. Journal of Higher Education, 73(1), 3-160. Retrieved April 30, 2002 from WilsonSelect database.
The entire article talks about the ways that technology will change the role of teachers. Not only will their role change, but they will also need to have much training in order to be knowledgeable.
Calvert, Wanda. (2001). Learning with Technology: A Constructivist Perspective. Journal of Special Education Technology, 16(1), 46-8. Retrieved March 11, 2002 from WilsonSelect database.
This article suggests various technologies that can be used by teachers to help their students expand their knowledge, and think critically.
Guhlin, Miguel. (2002). Teachers Must Push Technology’s Tidal Wave. Journal of Staff Development, 23(1),40-1. Retrieved April 29, 2002 from WilsonSelect database.
Like Bernard’s article, Guhlin talks about the importance of teachers when dealing with technology integration. He also says that they also are the primary people who will have to push for more ways to integrate technology into their classrooms, and gives many reasons to back his idea up.
Williams, Sarah C. (2002). Teaching Exceptional Children. Journal of Education for Teaching, 34(3), 72-8. Retrieved March 11, 2002 from WilsonSelect database.
This article shows an example of how a disabled student was able to easily learn various information and how to write using various software. It also points out how integrating technology for special needs children is on the rise.
Wissick, Cheryl A. (2001). [Review of the book Using Technology in K-8 Literacy Classrooms]. Journal of Special Education Technology,16(2), 60-3. Retrieved March 11, 2002 from WilsonSelect database.
This article talks about how our fast-paced society is constantly changing and being updated with new technologies. Wissick gives a positive review, stating her opinions on the results of technology integration.
Gilbert, P. & Regenbogen S. (2000, March/April). Current Events Searching via the Internet and Electronic Reference. Media & Methods, pp. 40-44.
This article mainly talked about databases and online sources that were useful in education, but it also gave meaning about the flexibility for the use of technology, and the information it can provide.
McLester, S. (2002, April). Getting All Our Kids on Board. Technology & Learning, 22(9), pp. 4.
This article stressed the significance of teachers’ roles in helping their students learn and use technology. McLester said they have to carry a very important role in helping students acquire technological skills.