The Bibliography or List of References appears after the Body of the Document. It is a complete listing of all cited resources used to create your document. Even though Journal Model authors may have individual Reference sections for each article, this complete Reference list of all citations must appear at the end of the entire manuscript.
Reference lists are formatted according to the instructions provided by the most recent edition of your chosen style manual. In some cases, style manuals do not contain up-to-date instructions on documentation of electronic publications (i.e., E-mail, software, electronic journals, etc.), government documents, or legal documents. When the department’s style manual fails to provide sufficient instructions regarding bibliographic documentation, it is suggested that the student consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) or a style manual associated with their discipline. Specialized style manuals for citing legal material and electronic information are available in the Newton Gresham Library.
NOTE: The example List of References below is based on the APA Style Manual (American Psychological Association).
CHECKLIST FOR BODY OF THESIS
- Includes a complete listing of all resources cited in the document.
- Appropriately formatted according to chosen style guide. Should be double-spaced throughout with no extra spacing unless chosen style guide dictates otherwise.
The following example uses the APA format for the journal citation.
Waite, L. J., Goldschneider, F. K., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults. American Sociological Review,51, 541-554.
The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.