Freedom Of Speech And Expression Essay Format

You must have come across many news debates on news channels or must have read about many rants on the social media like Facebook, twitter and also on the YouTube about the Nationalism and Freedom of Speech. So what is this Freedom of Speech? And why is it so much related to the nationalism and patriotism about our country? Slow down a bit. We have written this essay on Freedom of Speech to satisfy all your questions, how it is related to nationalism, the origin, and history, why do we need it, limits of it and other related topics. This essay will definitely help you for essay and speech competition. As this topic is currently present in the current affairs of the country, students may also be asked to write a paragraph on freedom of speech in their exams and even for their homework. We have kept the language of this essay easy to understand yet good enough to give you the insights of the topic. So, let’s start.

Essay on Freedom Speech and Expression

Do you realize everything you post on social media is seen by thousands of people? People like your friends, acquaintances, family members and even the people you don’t know show their opinion on your post and that is how the social media sites are designed. You make an opinion about something and you’ll find many people who will disagree with your opinion. So they just go and show you why your opinion is wrong according to them by putting some sensible arguments or some just curse you because you disagreed with their opinion with no logic at all. Is this a good thing to do? Human beings are created in such a way that they can see, think, analyze and make a decision about everything. Different people can analyze the same thing from the different point of views. It is not necessary to agree with something because everyone else is agreeing or supporting it. And this is where the freedom of speech comes into the picture.

So, what is the freedom? Putting into simple words, freedom is where you can think, believe, act, speak, live, gather, worship whatever, wherever and whenever you want. Yes! You can speak whatever you want until unless you are hurting someone deliberately. Freedom of speech and expression is the first and most important condition is the liberty. Freedom of speech and expression is the right to express your thoughts and opinions by words of mouth, writing, printing, pictures or any other way. Yes, any citizen of the country has a constitutional right to freedom of speech. This right to freedom of expression is not only protected by the Constitution of the country but also by other international bodies which are working in the favor of human rights.

The right of speech has been always hindered by the rulers from the ancient times too. In the ancient society, people were not allowed to speak against the king, government and the God. The people who used to raise their voice and make an opinion about the king or the God were used to face severe punishment and even the death. In ancient Greece, the Greek philosopher Socrates was executed because he was accused of talking about the Gods and influencing the youth of Greece negatively. Galileo, who in his research found that earth is not at the center of universe and sun doesn’t revolve around it but earth does, he went through a lof persecution for expression his reseach because it against belife of the church. In the pre-independence era of India, people were not allowed to talk about the British empire, gather for a cause and saying, “Inquilab Zindabad” which means “Long live the revolution.” People were punished harshly for raising their voices against the government.

After the independence of India, there was a strong necessity to make a law to protect people from expressing their ideas, beliefs, and opinions without the fear of punishment and that is how the right to freedom of speech and expression took birth in India. There is a little to no difference between freedom of speech and freedom of expression. Speech is the form of expression. But not everyone expresses their ideas and opinion only through speech. Freedom of expression is a broader sense of freedom to express your thoughts and opinions in many ways like writing, printing, pictures etc whereas as the freedom of speech focuses on the right to speak specifically.

As liberty of speech gives you the power and right to express your thoughts and opinion to the world, it has some limits too. You cannot say whatever you want about anyone or anything. You cannot compromise the security of the state and friendly relations with the foreign states. This means a person who is responsible for protecting and classifying information cannot disclose it under the freedom of speech as it might hamper the security of the state. Also, a government official cannot use it to talk about the relationship with the foreign states. You can not take advantage of it to damage the public order. It means freedom of speech doesn’t allow you to shout “there is a bomb!” in crowded places like theatres, malls etc. You cannot accuse the court and talk anything wrong about the court, it will be the contempt of court. Defamation of someone is not allowed, decency and morality cannot be compromised under the freedom of speech.  Incitement to an offense which means you are not supposed to provoke people to do unlawful behavior by your speech or expressions. You cannot defame the jurisdiction and integrity of India by your speech and expression.

The why do we need the freedom of speech and expression? Expressing one’s ideas and opinions without the fear of punishment is not the only purpose of freedom of speech. We need it because discussing the issues openly with people can bring out the best solutions to the problem. It is the way of self-fulfillment and self-development. If we are free to decide what we can speak, hear or read, then it will definitely help in our intellectual growth. A democracy works because of the people and if people are not allowed to say what they want then people won’t participate in the democracy and the democracy will not grow, hence to the smooth and stable working of the democracy the freedom of speech is needed.

As more of anything can create problems too and freedom of speech and expression is no exception to that. Today this freedom is used for wrong purposes, it is misused to hurt the sentiments of people from specific groups, spreading hatred, hurting the beliefs of people, spreading wrong information, influencing people in a negative way, all under the name of exercising their right to freedom of speech.


Freedom of speech is the most precious liberty for the people. It gives us the power to speak, read, believe, think, worship, act whatever and however we want. But with great power comes the great responsibility. (Yes, this line is from Spiderman movie.). We need to cherish this freedom and not to abuse for sake of politics, malpractices and ill intentions. A lot of people from dictatorial regimes don’t get a chance to say anything. We are fortunate to have it, we should respect it and keep using it to strengthen the democracy and also question its stakeholders.

These Secret Tips to win the Speech competitionare only for winners!

Here in this article, have given this information in essay format, but with little modifications, you can easily write a great speech from it. And if you summarise the overall topic that will give a good content for paragraph writing.

I hope this essay gives you enough knowledge about freedom of speech and expression. If you liked this article then please let me know in the comment section below to motivate me to write more and help people more. Thank you. 🙂

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Freedom of speech is a person’s right to speak his or her own opinions, beliefs, or ideas, without having to fear that the government will retaliate against him, restrict him, or censor him in any way. The term “freedom of expression” is often used interchangeably, though the “expression” in this sense has more to do with the way in which the message is being communicated (i.e. via a painting, a song, an essay, etc.). The concept of freedom of speech dates back to a time long before the Constitution was drafted, potentially as far back as Athens in 5th or 6th centuries, B.C. To explore this concept, consider the following freedom of speech definition.

Definition of Freedom of Speech


  1. The right to express your beliefs, ideas, and opinions without the fear of governmental reprisal or censorship.


5th or 6th Century B.C.             Ancient Greece

1780s                                       America

What is Freedom of Speech

Freedom of speech is the right afforded to a person to be able to speak his or her mind without fear that the government will censor or restrict what they have to say, or will retaliate against them for expressing himself. People are often confused by this concept, however, thinking that they can say anything that pops into their heads without repercussion. Just because you are allowed to say whatever you want does not mean that you will not suffer consequences as a result – it just means that the government cannot violate your right to do so.

The U.S. has many laws that place limits on speech and other forms of expression, which may be seen as harsh restrictions. These include prohibitions against defamation, slander, copyright violations, and trade secrets, amongst others. American philosopher Joel Feinberg posited what is known as the “offense principle,” which works to prohibit speech that is clearly offensive, or which can harm society as a whole, or a group in particular, such as racial hate speech, or hate speech aimed at someone’s religion.

Different countries have different rules insofar as freedom of speech is concerned, with some countries’ governments becoming more involved than other governments in the affairs of their citizens. Communist countries like China are often in the news for blocking their citizens’ access to the internet, and restricting their ability to both read and express ideas and beliefs of which their government does not approve. Here in the United States, examples of freedom of speech include criticisms against the government, and the promotion of ideas or beliefs that others might find to be controversial. In the U.S., these kinds of statements are allowed, within the constraints of the “offense principle,” or the “harm principle.”

Freedom of Speech Amendment

The concept of freedom of speech came into being in the United States back in the 1780s, when Anti-Federalists, like Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry, expressed their concerns that the federal government could eventually become too powerful. To keep the government in check, the Bill of Rights was drafted, which gave us, among other guarantees, freedom of speech, as detailed in the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which can also be considered the Freedom of Speech Amendment:

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

In addition to offering citizens protection from government interference in the expression of their ideas, the Freedom of Speech Amendment also them with the freedom to exercise one’s religion free from persecution. This is known as the Free Exercise Clause. Under this clause, citizens are permitted to adopt any religion they choose, and to take part in the rituals that the religion dictates.

Similarly, the Establishment Clause prevents the government from establishing one official religion that the country’s citizens all must follow. It also prevents the government from developing a preference for, or promoting one religion over another, religion over the lack of religion, or non-religion over religion.

In short, the Constitution guarantees that all people may worship who or how they may, but the federal government has no say in the matter, and may not adopt an official stance. There has been some misunderstanding about this “Separation of Church and State” clause, as it does not prohibit people from expressing their religious preferences in public, but only prevents a governmental entity from promoting any religion over another.

Freedom of the press, which allows publications to print opinions free of governmental censorship, is also permitted under the Freedom of Speech Amendment. Additionally, those who wish to gather in protest against the government are permitted, under the First Amendment, to “assemble peaceably,” which is why protests are permitted on public property, so long as they remain peaceful.

Freedom of Speech Quotes

Throughout time, people have craved, even when it was denied them, the right to freely express themselves. Freedom of speech quotes have survived centuries, to be used again and again, as people fight for this basic human right. What follows are ten great examples of freedom of speech quotes, wherein folks have either defended the policy as is, or have defended the laws that keep freedom of speech in check.

“If we don’t believe in freedom of expression for people we despise, we don’t believe in it at all.” – Noam Chomsky

“Freedom of speech is useless without freedom of thought.” – Spiro Agnew

“Without freedom of thought, there can be no such thing as wisdom; and no such thing as public liberty, without freedom of speech.” – Benjamin Franklin

“There has to be a cut-off somewhere between the freedom of expression and a graphically explicit free-for-all.” – E.A. Bucchianeri

 “For if men are to be precluded from offering their sentiments on a matter, which may involve the most serious and alarming consequences, that can invite the consideration of mankind, reason is of no use to us; the freedom of speech may be taken away, and, dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep, to the slaughter.” – George Washington

“Those who make conversations impossible, make escalation inevitable.” – Stefan Molyneux

“Freedom of speech is a guiding rule, one of the foundations of democracy, but at the same time, freedom does not imply anarchy, and the right to exercise free expression does not include the right to do unjustified harm to others.” – Raphael Cohen-Almagor

“Freedom of speech gives you the right to stay silent.” – Neil Gaiman

“Should freedom of speech include the freedom to tell lies? Who decides what is true and what is a lie? Should the young and impressionable be exposed to propaganda deliberately designed to make them hate others? If we deny the deniers the right to spread their venom, are we then putting our own right to free speech at risk? At which point does hate speech so directly provoke violence that it should be banned?” – Ted Gottfried

“Two things form the bedrock of any open society: freedom of expression and rule of law. If you don’t have those things, you don’t have a free country.” – Salman Rushdie

Freedom of Speech Examples in Legal Cases

More than inspirational freedom of speech quotes, the issue has inspired a number of court cases over the years. Some examples of freedom of expression and freedom of speech cases are discussed below in more detail:

Gitlow v. New York (1925)

In the first case to ever be tried by the American Civil Liberties Union, Benjamin Gitlow had been charged with criminal anarchy, after he printed the “Left Wing Manifesto” in his publication The Revolutionary Age. He defended the piece as being an historical analysis of the concept of communism, rather than acting as an advocate for the system. He was convicted upon the completion of his trial and was ordered to serve five to ten years in prison.

Gitlow appealed the conviction, and his appeal was granted, after he had already served two years at Sing Sing. He was released on bail, only to be re-incarcerated three years later when the Supreme Court upheld the original conviction.

The Court ultimately determined that publication of the “Left Wing Manifesto” was indeed a crime. Despite having served as a leader of the Communist Party in the late 1920s, Gitlow publicly rejected the party in 1939, having become an outspoken anti-communist in 1934, and he remained one of the leading opponents of communism until his death on July 19, 1965.

Brandenburg v. Ohio (1969)

In 1969, Ku Klux Klan leader, David Brandenburg, was convicted of criminal act, one of which was advocating “the duty, necessity, or propriety of crime, sabotage, violence, or unlawful methods of terrorism as a means of accomplishing industrial or political reform.”

This followed his participation in a 1964 Klan rally in Cincinnati, Ohio, which Brandenburg had asked a local reporter to cover. During the rally, Brandenburg made a speech against the government, claiming that the government was “suppressing the Caucasian race.”

The court convicted Brandenburg, fining him $1,000, and sentencing him to one to ten years in prison. Brandenburg appealed, saying that his right to freedom of speech under the First and Fourteenth Amendments had been violated. His appeal was denied by both the Ohio First District Court of Appeal and the Supreme Court of Ohio, with the latter flat-out dismissing it without even offering an opinion.

This case led to the establishment of what is known as the Brandenburg Test, which is the standard by which potentially inflammatory speech is measured. Speech can only be prohibited if (1) it is “directed to inciting or producing imminent lawless action,” and (2) it is “likely to incite or produce such action.”

Related Legal Terms and Issues

  • Anti-Federalist – A political movement that opposed the creation of a stronger U.S. federal government, and opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787.
  • Defamation – An intentional false statement that harms a person’s reputation, or which decreases the respect or regard in which a person is held.
  • Copyright – A legal device that gives the creator of a literary, artistic, musical, or other creative work the sole right to publish and sell that work.
  • Slander – An intentional false statement that harms a person’s reputation, or which decreases the respect or regard in which a person is held.
  • Trade Secrets – Designs, practices, processes, commercial methods, techniques, or information that is not generally known by others, which gives a business an advantage over competitors.

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