Dissertation How To Write An Abstract

USEFUL PHRASES

Useful phrases when writing a dissertation abstract

This section sets out some useful phrases that you can use and build on when writing your undergraduate or master's level dissertation abstract. As the section, How to structure your dissertation abstract explains, the abstract has a number of components, typically including: (a) study background and significance; (b) components of your research strategy; (c) findings; and (d) conclusions. The phrases below build on these four components.

COMPONENT #1
Build the background to the study

  • Introductory sentences

    This study (dissertation, research)?

    aims to illuminate?
    examines the role of...
    explores why...
    investigates the effects of...
    assesses the impact of...on...
    developed and tested the idea that...

    I...

    investigated the role of...
    outline how...
    introduce the concept of...
    extend prior work on...
    examine the relationship between...and...
    identify...
    evaluate these...by...

    In this study (dissertation, research) I...

    propose a model of...

  • Leading with research questions

    This study (dissertation, research)...

    is motivated by two research questions: (1) [Insert research question one]? (2) [Insert research question two]? To examine these questions, the study?

    "[Insert a research question]?" is a fundamental question in [the name of your area of interest]. We suggest [argue] that a new generation of research in this area needs to address the extended question: [Insert your research question]?

  • Leading with research hypotheses

    This study (dissertation, research)...

    offers two hypotheses: (1) [insert research hypothesis one]; and (2) [insert research hypothesis two].

    tested hypotheses regarding the relationship between...and...

    It was

    hypothesized that [insert variable] is negatively [positively] related to...

    hypothesized that [insert variable] is more negatively [positively] related to [insert variable] than [insert variable].

  • Leading with a dissertation aim or goals

    This study (dissertation, research)...

    has three goals: (1) [insert goal one], (2) [insert goal two], and (3) [insert goal three].

  • Literature component

    Previous research (extent research, previous studies, or prior studies)...

    indicates that...
    offers a descriptive account of...
    has shown that...

    Literature on [insert area of the literature] has focused almost exclusively on...

    Synthesizing [e.g., name of theories], this research built and tested a theoretical model linking...

    This model addresses X (e.g., 2) major gaps in the literature.

    Drawing on [insert name] research, we argue that...

    In bridging the two literature gaps, a model of [insert text] is proposed.

  • Significance of the study

    We develop theory to explain how...

    Our most important contribution is...

    This study advances our understanding of...

    To date, no systematic investigation has considered...

    We examine how organisations use [insert text] to overcome...

COMPONENT #2
Components of research strategy

We conducted...

in-depth case studies of [X number of private/public] enterprises in [country].

a laboratory experiment and a field study to test our hypotheses.

an inductive study of...

We employed...

multiple methods to test...

Using...

a sample of [X number of people, firms, data, objects, e.g., doctors, banks, songs], we collected data from three sources [e.g., X, Y and Z].

comparative case analysis, this research explored the role of...

To illustrate these ideas, [insert company name or type] was used as a case study to show how...

We tested these hypotheses using [e.g., student test score] data to measure [e.g., teacher performance].

We developed a 9-item scale to measure...

Using data from...

COMPONENT #3
Major findings

The findings from the research...

illustrate how...

show that the impact of [insert text] on [insert text] is more complex than previously thought/assumed.

address a controversial belief among practitioners that...

illustrate the antecedents and consequences of [insert text] and [insert text] in...

suggest that the effect of [variable X] on [variable Y] was moderated over time when...

A predicted, the...

Contrary to our expectations...

COMPONENT #4
Conclusion

The results, implications for managers, and future research are discussed.

Theoretical contributions and managerial implications of the findings are discussed.

The findings...

provide support for the key arguments.

support the prediction that...

support the model:

offer insights into...

prompt a re-thinking of [insert your area of interest]

We conclude that...

If you would like us to add more of these kinds of phrases, please leave us feedback.

« previous

12345

A part of every dissertation or thesis is the executive summary. This summary or abstract is the first part of your dissertation that will be read. Only after reading the abstract is the dissertation further reviewed. Therefore, it is important that the abstract is well written and that you draw out the correct information here.

The dissertation abstract has three functions

1. Explanation of the title of your dissertation

The first function of the abstract is to further explain the title of your dissertation. This allows readers of your dissertation to better determine if your dissertation is interesting enough for them to read. A well-written abstract can encourage more people to consider your dissertation important and, thus, to intend to read it.

2. Short version of your dissertation

Secondly, the abstract serves as a short version for readers who don’t have the time to read the complete dissertation. Often, managers and scientists read only the abstract and not the entire piece.

3. Overview of your dissertation

Third, the abstract’s function is to serve as an overview of what readers can expect. This makes it easier for the reader to understand and to place in context the material in the dissertation. A well-written abstract ensures that difficult material in your dissertation is better understood.

Length, place and time of the abstract

A rough rule of thumb for the length of the abstract is no more than five percent of the entire dissertation, with a maximum of one page. The reason behind this rule is that it must always be possible to quickly review the abstract.

Place the abstract after the preface and before the table of contents. Write the abstract in the present tense or present perfect tense.

Examples abstract in present tense or present perfect tense

Example of present tenseThe study shows that the majority of the respondents prefer to watch a film at the movie theater rather than at home on TV.

Example of present perfect tenseThe study has shown that the majority of the respondents prefer to watch a film at the movie theater rather than at home on TV.

What should be in the abstract?

For each paragraph, answer the following questions:

  • What is the problem? Indicate the objective, problem statement and research questions of your dissertation. If you have used hypotheses in your dissertation, indicate them here.
  • What has been done? Briefly explain the method and approach of your research.
  • What has been discovered? Provide a summary of the most important results and your conclusion.
  • What do your findings mean? Summarize the key points from the discussion and present your recommendations.

Use of acronyms

Since your reader should be able to read and understand your abstract without going through the rest of your dissertation, you have to introduce acronyms when you use them.

Source referencing

Just like with the rest of your dissertation you have to include references when you use a source. However, in an abstract you often don’t use any references because you mainly write about your own findings and research.

Example abstract

We made an example of an abstract in which we used all of the points of the checklist..

Show example

0 thoughts on “Dissertation How To Write An Abstract”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *