Essay On Pollution And Marine Life

The Effects Of Pollution Of Marine Life

Research from the University of California San Diego Scripps Institution of Oceanography said that species in the ocean consume a projected 12,000 to 24,000 tons of plastic every year in the Pacific Ocean (Nall, 2014). Pollution of recyclable materials in the oceans is one of the leading causes of why some marine species are nearing extinction. Many authors of articles and books analyzing this topic tend to agree that pollution of our oceans is a problem. The future of this problem is where their ideas tend to differ. The following four literature reviews attempt to demonstrate and support my belief that pollution is getting worse in the ocean and more marine life ecosystems are being affected, but there are things that we as humans can do to change this. Imagine a world where we didn’t have to constantly worry about the vicious cycle of humans affecting animals and then animals in turn affecting us through consumption.

Literature Review
Recovery of Marine Animal Populations and Ecosystems: Lotze, Coll, Magera, Ward, Airoldi
In a research article by Lotze, Coll, Magera, Ward and Airoldi (2011) they examine the positive side of how ecosystems in the ocean can recover even though they are faced with many different types of struggles every day. The authors ask the main question: How common is recovery among depleted populations and degraded ecosystems in the ocean? It is hypothesized that over the years, ecosystems are going to recover and essentially in the future, increase. The results in this study supported the hypothesis of the research on recovery for certain ecosystems and stated that 10-50% of ecosystems actually show some rate of progression (Lotze, 2011). This has significance when looking at pollution and the effects it has on marine life because: “Pollution controls and habitat restoration have had important roles in the recovery of diadromous fishes. Overall, in terms of relative importance of the different factors, it has been shown that 95% of recoveries of exploited marine species in estuarine and coastal regions were enabled by reduced or banned exploitation”(Lotze, 2011). The results also indicate how recovery is possible in other ecosystems as well, not just with the example of diadromous fish. All of these results combined confirmed the overall hypothesis that pollution is getting worse in the ocean and more marine life ecosystems are being affected but that there is something humans could do to change this. It is presented that if humans limit their pollution, ban commercial exploiting and protect habitats and then marine life ecosystems can be saved. One limitation to the study is that recovery of these ecosystems seems unachievable because “long-lived marine animals might take many decades to recover from low population abundance owing to their slow life-history characteristics and low annual growth rates”(Lotze, 2011). Another limitation to the study is that there is no statistical data showing how ecosystems in...

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The Effects of Ocean Pollution on the Environment

2069 words - 8 pages Our oceans take a large beating every day by the extremely large amount of pollution humans produce. Our society easily dumps their waste into the oceans to dispose of the excessive amount of garbage, sewage, and chemicals, but this small and simple solution is creating an even bigger problem. The way humans dispose of their wastes is causing the death of our beloved marine life. Not only are we killing off our animals, our food source, and our...

Saving the Marine Life Essay

976 words - 4 pages Title Review of Literature Of all the debris on the ocean’s surface 90% is plastic. That is 46,000 pieces of plastic for square mile (Bowermaster, 2012, {online}). The plastic in the ocean is eaten by marine life and is harmful to them. Learning more about which plastics are the most environmental friendly can help save marine life. Plastic is found almost everywhere, some example plastic bags, bottles, razors, shampoo bottles, and much more....

The Negative Effects of Humans and Nature on Florida’s Marine Ecosystems

2182 words - 9 pages Nature designed Florida to be one large marine ecosystem. Florida is one big sand peninsula located below the 40th longitudinal North American line. Three bodies of salt water (Gulf of Mexico, Strait of Florida and Atlantic Ocean) surround three out of four directions of Florida. Man-made canals, natural lakes, rivers and estuaries are confined within the State of Florida’s physical boundaries. All of these form an interlocking system of...

Causes and Effects of Water Pollution

624 words - 2 pages There are many causes for water pollution. The main one is plastics. The reason for that is that plastics take four hundred and fifty years to decompose in the water. Also many companies use plastic and people throw it in the waterways. Because water can float and be carried by the wind, it can cause harm to unsuspecting creatures hundreds of feet from where it was originally dumped. Such waste includes bags, bottles, cups, straws, cup lids,...

Causes and Effects of Air Pollution

2394 words - 10 pages Historically, aviation is often regarded as one of the weakest sources of carbon emissions. When the Wright Brothers took to the skies for the first in time in 1903, he traveled 120 feet in a few seconds. They developed their own wing, propeller, and engine (nps.gov). Gasoline engines, though far from efficient, were also far from common. When the Wright Brothers designed their engine, their thoughts were not on the environment or the emissions...

The rime of the christo-marine

1764 words - 7 pages When Samuel Coleridge set pen to paper, it is clear, he knew his bible well. In his Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Christian mythology and symbolism abound. The three main elements of the story, the Mariner, the Albatross, and the Sun,...

The rime of the christo-marine

1764 words - 7 pages When Samuel Coleridge set pen to paper, it is clear, he knew his bible well. In his Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Christian mythology and symbolism abound. The three main elements of the story, the Mariner, the Albatross, and the Sun,...

History of the United States Marine Corps

1070 words - 4 pages The motto of the United States Marine Corps is "Semper Fidelis", meaning, "Always Faithful". The Marines have lived up to this motto by never having a mutiny in the Marine Corps. Ever. That fact is very impressive, seeing as the Marines are older than the United States of America itself. In 1775, during the...

Euroscience Programmes Analysis on the Basis of Marine Science.

2304 words - 9 pages INTRODUCTIONThis study is to understand the deeper knowledge of marine science, the ocean world with the help of the search through universities of Ireland and the analysis made on the basis of previous Euroscience programmes. Euroscience is actually, an association of individuals who are interested in giving new dimension to scientific Europe. It was founded in 1977. The main office of Euroscience is located in Strasbourg, France. If we talk...

The History of the United States Marine Corps

1775 words - 7 pages The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces whose sole purpose is to provide an assault force from the sea and to be the initial strike force of the United States Military. The USMC is currently under the Department of the Navy but is recognized as its own branch of the military. The USMC has served in every major war since the Revolutionary War in 1775. (Corps, History and Heritage-Our Purpose, 2014) The...

Diversity of Marine Algae in the Biosphere 2 Ocean

1566 words - 6 pages Diversity of Marine Algae in the Biosphere 2Ocean Red algae, Rhodophyta, is easily identified in the marine environment because it appears as a red color. There are many different species, originating from many different corners of the Earth. The ocean biome in the Biosphere 2 was constructed using raw seawater off the coast of Southern California, which contained many different unknown species of algae. During the construction of...

Ocean Pollution Essay

Everything in this world we use comes from the ocean in some way. The air we breathe, the water we drink, even the products we use day to day, would not be possible without the ocean. That's why the issue of ocean pollution is so important and needs to be addressed as soon as possible. We depend on the ocean for so much in our life, without it we would surely become extinct. People seem to think that since the ocean is so large and vast, we can dump as much waste as we'd like into it and it will never have an effect on us. However, since we've been polluting the ocean as far back as Roman times, the evidence of ocean pollution becoming a major problem is all too clear.
There are many different ways the ocean can become polluted. One major way would be man-made pollutants such as pesticides, herbicides, chemical fertilizers, detergents, oil, sewage, plastics, and other solids, finding their way into the ocean and collecting at the ocean's depths. In fact, this makes up 80% of the ocean's pollution. At the depths, they are consumed by small organisms that introduce the pollutants to the global food chain. Many of the pollutants are released into local streams, rivers, and groundwater and are eventually deposited into estuaries, bays, and deltas. This can cause massive amount of algae to grow, taking oxygen from the water and places marine life can exist. In the past 2 years, these dead zones have increased by 1/3. Scientists have discovered around 400 dead zones in world.
Other solid waste such as bags, foam, and other items from ships are often eaten by marine animals, fish, and birds that mistake it for food, usually ending in devastating effects. This is becoming such a problem that in some areas, currents collect such pollutants and eventually form into giant swirling garbage whirls. In fact, one in the North Pacific is twice the size of Texas! Fishnets improperly discarded into the ocean can also cause major issues, tangling into unsuspecting mammals and fish. According to the Marin Academy's Oceanography website, there are over 46,000 pieces of plastic floating in each square mile of ocean off the Northeast coast of the United States, which contributes to the death of 100,000 marine mammals and two millions sea birds yearly.
A way you wouldn't expect pollution to be caused is by noise. The pressure from the sounds omitted by ships, sonar devices, oil rigs, and earthquakes can disrupt communication, hunting, migration, and reproduction patterns from many marine animals like whales and dolphins. This can throw the whole system off balance. Air pollution can also cause ocean pollution by being absorbed into the water and contaminating it, and vice versa. Ocean pollution can eventually cause air pollution. Dirt can also spill into waterways from top soil or silt from fields or construction sites, causing endangerment to fish and wildlife habitats.
Out of all of these ways, oil spills can cause a noticeably excessive amount of damage...

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Pollution in China Essay

925 words - 4 pages A current issue in society today is Chinas drastic air pollution.Air pollution is horrible, China’s super-speed growth has produced super-high levels of pollution. The air pollution in China has been going on for two decades. The Smog initially took a huge toll on the citizens of China and society. Air pollution is a very horrible situation in China , so horrible that it has even been effecting other countries besides themselves. The smog has...

Pollution in The Bahamas Essay

2113 words - 8 pages Evo Morales stated, “Sooner or later, we will have to recognize that the Earth has rights too, to live without pollution. What mankind must know is that human beings cannot live without Mother Earth, but the planet can live without humans” (Pollution Quotes, 2013). Hence, attention must be provided to this devastating issue. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse changes (Wieman, 2013)....

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612 words - 2 pages POLLUTION.I will begin my homework with the review of those factors which result in deterioration of a condition of the major components - atmospheres and hydrosphereAt all stages of the development the person was very closely connected to world around him. But since has appeared a society, dangerous intervention of the person in the nature and now...

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1238 words - 5 pages Going to the beach is always a fun way to spend an afternoon, but how would people feel if the next time they tried to catch a wave they were hit with plastic bottles and styrofoam. Charleston is such a beautiful city but, the harbor is overcome with pollution. This Pollution travels to the oceans and to the shores of South Carolina’s beaches. The water is affecting Charleston’s harbor but household water, local businesses, and marine life in the...

Pollution is a consistent demolition of the Earth., A persuasive paper on a hot topic that voices your opinion.

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